Monday, September 29, 2008

Public space

"Failure to recognize the homeless as part of the urban public; disregard of the fact that new public spaces and homelessness are both products of redevelopment; the refusal to raise questions about exclusions while invoking the concept of inclusionary public space: these acts ratify the relations of domination that close the borders of public places no matter how much these places are touted as 'open and freely accessible to the public for 12 or more hours daily.'" (Deutsche, 'Art and Public Space: Questions of Democracy', Social Text, 33:38, emphasis in the original)

" . . . liberty engenders contradictions which are also spatial contradictions. Whereas businesses tend toward a totalitarian form of social organization, authoritarian and prone to fascism, urban conditions, either despite or by virtue of violence, tend to uphold at least a measure of democracy." (Lefebvre, The Production of Space, p. 319)

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